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Feasibility Study of Market and Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Fecal Sludge Management in Nepal

A variety of informal and formal businesses exist in many urban areas of Nepal, providing a variety of services along the Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) service chain. However, such businesses and their practices are not regulated or monitored. Often, they operate unsustainably, do not have scalable business models, and are unable to reach low-income communities because of their revenue models.

In this context, Ennovent assisted Oxfam in Nepal to conduct a feasibility study to understand the current scenario with respect to FSM and assess business opportunities within the FSM service chain.

The study provided crucial insights into the demand, consumers and their willingness and ability to pay, market, service providers, business model, financial viability, market actors, stakeholders, and enabling ecosystem for FSM businesses in Birendranagar, Nepalgunj, Gulariya, Ghorahi and Kapilvastu city, thereby providing information on potential market and entrepreneurial opportunities for market based solutions in the FSM service chain.


To read more about Ennovent & Oxfam’s market assessment of Nepal’s sanitation value chain, please click here.

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